Late-onset glucocorticoid-responsive circulatory collapse (LGCC) in infants is characterized by sudden onset of hypotension and/or oliguria, which is resistant to volume expanders and inotropes but responds rapidly to intravenous glucocorticoids.
LGCC occurs after the first week of life mainly in relatively stable very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. In Japan, the incidence of LGCC is reported to be 8%. Relative adrenal insufficiency (AI) is considered the most likely cause of LGCC, but its detailed pathophysiology remains unclear.
Intrinsic and extrinsic factors may affect the pathophysiological mechanism. LGCC should be recognized as one of the high-risk complications in VLBW infants and managed promptly and properly, because if it is not, it may cause life-long neurological problems.