בשל "הגנת זכויות יוצרים" מובא להלן קישור לתקציר המאמר. לקריאתו בטקסט מלא, אנא פנה/י לספרייה הרפואית הזמינה לך.
In preterm infants, mechanical ventilation (MV) is associated with adverse pulmonary and neurodevelopmental outcomes.
Multiple randomized clinical trials over the past 2 decades have shown the effectiveness of early noninvasive ventilation (NIV) in decreasing the use of MV in preterm infants.
The epidemiologic factors associated with respiratory support in US preterm infants and any temporal changes after these trials is unknown.
We evaluate temporal changes in MV and noninvasive respiratory support in US preterm infants.
In a cohort design, 2 large national data sets (Pediatrix Clinical Data Warehouse for the clinical cohort and National Inpatient Sample for the national cohort) were used to collect data on preterm infants (<35 weeks’ gestation) without congenital anomalies who received active intensive care and were discharged home or died in the birth hospital from January 1, 2008, to December 31, 2018. Data analysis was conducted from December 10, 2019, to December 16, 2020.