Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are a frequently prescribed class of medications in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU).
We aimed to reveal acute kidney injury (AKI) epidemiology in NSAID-exposed premature infants admitted to the NICU using a standardized definition and determine the percentage of NSAID-exposed patients with adequate serum creatinine (SCr) monitoring.
This retrospective study compared infants born at ≤34 weeks gestational age who received NSAID for intraventricular hemorrhage prophylaxis (prophylaxis group) or symptomatic treatment for patent ductus arteriosus (PDA; treatment group) between January and December 2014 at a tertiary NICU.
All available SCr and 12-h urine output (UO) values were recorded from admission until day seven post-NSAID exposure.
AKI incidence was determined using the neonatal modified Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes classification, defined as an increase in SCr (i.e., 1.5 fold rise from previous SCr measurement within seven days or 26.5 mmol/L increase within 48 h) or UO < 1 mL/kg/hour, excluding the first 24 h of life.