Neonatal sepsis, particularly gram-negative (GN) bacteria-induced, is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in newborns.
Healthcare professionals find this issue challenging because of antibiotic resistance. This study aims to combine findings to identify the prevalence of GN bacteria and their antibiotic resistance in Iranian neonates with sepsis.
This systematic review followed the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis (PRISMA).
The literature search was performed through international databases, including (PubMed/MEDLINE, EMBASE, Scopus, and Web of Science), Iranian local databases (Magiran, Iranmedex, Irandoc, Scimed, and SID), and the first 100 records of Google Scholar.
Analytical cross-sectional study checklist from the Joanna Briggs Institute (JBI) was used for the quality assessment of included studies.
Comprehensive Meta-Analysis Software Version 2 was used to conduct the meta-analysis. The between-study heterogeneity was investigated by I2 statistics.