Skin-to-skin contact after birth between mother and baby has immediate and long-term advantages.
Widström's 9 Stages of Newborn Behavior offer an opportunity to evaluate a baby in the natural, expected and optimal habitat.
Intrapartum drugs, including fentanyl administered via epidural and synthetic oxytocin (synOT), have been studied in relation to neonatal outcomes with conflicting results.
Determine the effects of common intrapartum medications on the instinctive behavior of healthy newborns during the first hour after birth through a prospective cohort study.
Video record newly-born term infants during the first hour after birth while in skin-to-skin contact with mother.
Code and analyze videos using Widström's 9 Stages; compare with the labor medications mothers received.